Bird, bug, butterfly and a wild variety of photos from Belarus, Cyprus, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Scotland and Spain by Irish wildlife photographer Patrick J. O'Keeffe and invited guests

Showing posts with label Ireland. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Ireland. Show all posts

Sunday, 16 January 2022

HOODED CROW or GREY CROW (Corvus cornix) attempting to remove a Common Periwinkle (Littorina littorea) from its shell at Broadmeadow Estuary, Malahide, Fingal, Co. Dublin, Ireland



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          The Hooded Crow (Corvus cornix) also known as Grey Crow is a member of the crow family Corvidae which is in the genus Corvus. Four subspecies are generally recognized. Despite the fact that it is heavily persecuted, it occurs throughout Western Asia including parts of the Middle East as well as along the Nile Valley in North Africa. It is also commonly encountered and has a widespread distribution in Northern, Central and Eastern Europe. It is resident in Ireland, Isle of Man and Northern Scotland. In the rest of Britain as well as Southwestern and Western Europe, it is replaced by the closely related Carrion Crow (Corvus corone) from which it was split in 2002 and was recognised as a separate species. Where their breeding ranges overlap, they may hybridise. Some of the northern populations are migratory and move south for the winter.

   Patrick J. O'Keeffe / Raw Birds

Saturday, 15 January 2022

COMMON GREENSHANK (Tringa nebularia) at Broadmeadow Estuary, Malahide, Fingal, Co. Dublin, Ireland


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The Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia) is a wader or shorebird of the family Scolopacidae which is in the genus Tringa. The breeding range extends from northern Scotland eastwards across northern Europe and Asia. This migratory species winters in sub Saharan Africa, the Indian subcontinent and Australasia. In addition, small numbers overwinter along the coasts of northwest Africa and northwest Europe including Britain and Ireland.
 
Patrick J. O'Keeffe / Raw Birds
 
 Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia) distribution map
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/39/TringaNebulariaIUCNver2018_2.png 
 
 Breeding           Passage           Non-breeding           Vagrant  
 
SanoAK: Alexander Kürthy, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons 

Tuesday, 11 January 2022

BLACK REDSTART (Phoenicurus ochruros) immature at Balscadden Beach, Howth, Fingal, Co. Dublin, Ireland


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The Black Redstart
(Phoenicurus ochruros) is a small perching bird in the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae which is the genus Phoenicurus. It is a locally common resident in central and southern Europe as well as northern Africa. It also occurs in western and central Asia. In the warmer parts of its range it is sedentary. The northern populations migrate in the autumn to spend the winter in southern and western Europe, northern Africa and the Indian sub continent. In Ireland, it is a very uncommon spring and autumn passage migrant, in addition very small numbers overwinter at traditional coastal locations.

Patrick J. O'Keeffe / Raw Birds

Sunday, 9 January 2022

COMMON CHIFFCHAFF (Phylloscopus collybita subspecies P. c. collybita) flycatching from the security fencing at the rear of Asgard Apartments, Balscadden Beach, Howth, Fingal, Co. Dublin, Ireland



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 The Common Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita) is of the family Phylloscopidae which is in the genus Phylloscopus. This small insectivorous species of leaf warbler is a summer resident from mid March to October which breeds in the northern and temperate regions of Eurasia. In the autumn it migrates south to spend the winter in the Mediterranean Basin, sub Saharan Africa and southwestern Asia. Small numbers also overwinter in northwest Europe.  
There are several subspecies recognised including, Common Chiffchaff (P. c. collybita), Scandinavian Chiffchaff (P. c. abietinus) and Siberian Chiffchaff (P. c. tristis).  
 
Patrick J. O'Keeffe / Raw Birds

Friday, 7 January 2022

BUFF TAILED BUMBLEBEE (Bombus terrestris) one of four workers and a Queen nectering on Hebe Shrub Blossoms (Hebe × franciscana) on 11th January 2022 at Howth Yatch Club, Howth Harbour, Fingal, Co, Dublin, Ireland


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The Buff-tailed Bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) is of the family Apidae which is in the genus Bombus. This bumblebee is commonly found throughout the temperate regions of Europe, The Middle East, northern Africa and occurs as an introduced species in other countries including Australia (Tasmania), Japan as well as parts of South America. 
This species is not seen in Ireland during the colder months of the year, normally the worker bees and the males (drones) die off and the gravid Queen hibernates for the winter. In recent times, it has been on the wing all year round mainly at coastal locations where shrubs such as Hebe (Hebe × franciscana), Gorse (Ulex europaeus) and Fuchsia (Fuchsia magellanica) have continued to flower in mild winters.

Patrick J. O'Keeffe / Raw Birds

Thursday, 6 January 2022

YELLOW LEGGED GULL (Larus michahellis michahellis) adult and a group of Black Headed Gulls (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) on 7th January 2022 at Broadmeadow Estuary, Swords, Fingal, Co. Dublin, Ireland


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The Yellow Legged Gull (Larus michahellis) is of the family Laridae which is in the genus Larus. Up until recently it was considered as a race of Herring Gull (Larus argentatus) but has now been given full species status. Post breeding populations disburse north and east. From July onward it occurs in good numbers in southern Britain but is an uncommon and scarce species in Ireland. The above record may be the same individual that was present at this location during August 2021.
 There are two subspecies recognised:
Larus michahellis michahellis; breeds in parts of western and southern Europe, North West Africa as well as the Mediterranean Basin.
Larus michahellis atlantis; the dark headed form known as Atlantic Gull, breeds on the Azores, the Canary Islands and Madeira.
 
Patrick J. O'Keeffe / Raw Birds

COMMON REDSHANK (Tringa totanus) Broadmeadow Estuary, Swords, Fingal, Co. Dublin, Ireland


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The Common Redshank (Tringa totanus) is of the family Scolopacidae which is in the genus Tringa.
 
 Common Redshank (Tringa totanus) distribution map
 
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7c/TringaTotanusIUCN2019_2.png 
 
 breeding  resident passage non-breeding
 
SanoAK: Alexander Kürthy, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

Saturday, 1 January 2022

CONTINENTAL CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax carbo subspecies P. c. sinensis) immature on 1st January 2022 at Swords Sailing Club, Broadmeadow Estuary, Malahide, Fingal, Co. Dublin, Ireland


  
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The Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) is of the family Phalacrocoracidae which is in the genus Phalacrocorax. It has a scattered distribution in parts of North America, Eurasia, Africa and Australasia. 
There are a number subspecies recognised including the ground nesting Common Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo carbo) which occurs in Britain and Ireland that breeds on coastal rocky outcrops and on off shore islands.  The tree nesting Continental Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis) which breeds in Northern Europe extending eastwards to Japan, but has in recent times colonised parts of southern Britain. This is apparently a rare subspecies in Ireland with less than 70 records but is in all probably under recorded.
 There are three previous records from Co. Dublin: Broadmeadow Estuary, Swords, 1st winter from 4th to 30th January 2013 and a different 1st winter from 28th January to 16th May 2013. Scotsman Bay, Dunlaoire, adult on 1st February 2014.
 
 Patrick J. O'Keeffe / Raw Birds
 
Reference:
A List of Some Rarer Birds in Dublin version 5.2  by Joe Hobbs (download pdf here)
 
Great Cormorant distribution map
 
File:PhalacrocoraxCarbo.png 
 
 breeding  resident passage non-breeding

SanoAK: Alexander Kürthy, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

Tuesday, 14 December 2021

EURASIAN TREE SPARROW (Passer montanus) Turvey Nature Reserve, Donabate, Fingal, Co. Dublin, Ireland

 
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The Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) is of the family Passeridae which is in the genus Passer.
 

Wednesday, 8 December 2021

GREY WAGTAIL (Motacilla cinerea) female at Clogher, Belmullet Peninsula, Co. Mayo, Ireland


 
 
 
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 The Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea) is of the family Motacillidae which is in the genus Passer.
 
 Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea) distribution map
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/35/MotacillaCinereaDistributionMapIUCNv8_2.png
 SanoAK: Alexander Kürthy, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons
 
Breeding summer                Breeding resident                Non-breeding winter 

Saturday, 4 December 2021

HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus) male at Blacksod Village, Belmullet Peninsula, Co. Mayo, Ireland


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 The House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) is of the sparrow family Passeridae which is in the genus Passer.

Tuesday, 30 November 2021

GREAT BLACKED GULL (Larus marinus) 2nd winter, feeding on a Grey Seal (Halichoerus grypus) carcass at Faulmore Beach, Faulmore, Belmullet Peninsula, Co. Mayo, Ireland

 


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The Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus) is of the family Laridae which is in the genus Larus.
 
 
Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus) distribution map
 
 https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0b/RangeMap_Lmarinus.jpg 
 
 Range_map for Larus marinus based on: Lars Larsson, Birds of the World, 2001, CD-rom Mullarney, K. Svensson, L. Zetterström, D. (1999) Fågelguiden, Europas och medelhavsområdets fåglar i fält. Stockholm: Albert Bonniers förlag David Allen Sibley, The Sibley Guide to Birds, 2000, ISBN 0-679-45122-6  No machine-readable author provided. AHA2 assumed (based on copyright claims)., CC BY-SA 3.0 <http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/>, via Wikimedia Commons
 Red - Breeding ground        Purple - All year round        Blue - Winter

Saturday, 27 November 2021

EUROPEAN STONECHAT (Saxicola rubicola subspecies S. r. hibernans) female at Cross Lough, Belmullet Peninsula, Co. Mayo, Ireland


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The European Stonechat (Saxicola rubicola) is of the chat family Muscicapidae which is in the genus Saxicola. Preferred habitats include rough grassland, sand dunes and heathland where it is typically seen perched on brambles, gorse or shrubs within the breeding area. 
In the temperate part of its range, nesting commences in late March and up to three broods are raised. It is a partial migrant. Populations from the colder regions move to spend the winter in southern Europe and northern Africa. Successive hard winters, as was the case in 2009/10 and 2010/11 caused severe losses in the mainly sedentary northwestern populations
There are two subspecies generally recognised, Saxicola rubicola rubicola occurs in central, eastern and southern Europe as well as northern Morocco and southeastern Turkey. Saxicola rubicola hibernans occurs in northwestern Europe including Britain, Ireland, France and Norway.
   
Patrick J. O'Keeffe / Raw Birds

Monday, 22 November 2021

FOX MOTH (Macrothylacia rubi) caterpillar at Blacksod Village, Belmullet Peninsula, Co. Mayo, Ireland



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 The Fox Moth (Macrothylacia rubi) is of the family Lasiocampidae which is in the genus Macrothylacia.

Sunday, 21 November 2021

COMMON CHIFFCHAFF (Phylloscopus collybita subspecies P. c. collybita) Blacksod Village, Belmullet Peninsula, Co. Mayo, Ireland

 
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 The Common Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita) is of the family Phylloscopidae which is in the genus Phylloscopus. This small insectivorous species of leaf warbler is a summer resident from mid March to October which breeds in the northern and temperate regions of Eurasia. In the autumn it migrates south to spend the winter in the Mediterranean Basin, sub Saharan Africa and southwestern Asia. Small numbers also overwinter in northwest Europe.  
There are several subspecies recognised including, Common Chiffchaff (P. c. collybita), Scandinavian Chiffchaff (P. c. abietinus) and Siberian Chiffchaff (P. c. tristis).  
 
Patrick J. O'Keeffe / Raw Birds

Wednesday, 10 November 2021

SANDERLING (Calidris alba) at Blacksod Lighthouse, Belmullet Peninsula, Co. Mayo, Ireland

 
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The Sanderling (Calidris alba) is of the family Scolopacidae which is in the genus Calidris. It breeds in the Arctic tundra regions of North America and Asia. This small shorebird winters on the coastal beaches of southern North America, South America, Western Europe, Africa, southern Asia and Australia. It also occurs as a spring and autumn passage migrant at inland locations.
  
Patrick J. O'Keeffe / Raw Birds

Friday, 5 November 2021

MEADOW PIPIT (Anthus pratensis) at Clogher, Belmullet Peninsula, Co. Mayo, Ireland


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The Meadow Pipit (Anthus pratensis) is of the family Motacillidae which is in the genus Anthus.

Thursday, 4 November 2021

ROCK PIPIT (Anthus petrosus) at Clogher, Belmullet Peninsula, Co. Mayo, Ireland




 
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The Rock Pipit (Anthus petrosus) is of the family Motacillidae which is in the genus Anthus.

Friday, 8 October 2021

SOLITARY SANDPIPER (Tringa solitaria) juvenile from 1st to 8th October 2021 found by Derek Charles and Majella Charles [data per www.irishbirding.com] at Clogher, Belmullet Peninsula, Co. Mayo, Ireland

 

 

 

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 The Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa solitaria) is of the family Scolopacidae which is in the genus Tringa. This is a long distance migratory shorebird that breeds in the northern forests of Alaska, USA and Canada. It is also a very rare autumn passage vagrant to Western Europe. In mid autumn it moves south to spend the winter in Central and Southern America as well as the Caribbean. 

  This is the 2nd Co. Mayo Record and the 7 previous Irish Records are listed below:

  •   Co. Kerry - (juvenile) 21 to 22-09-1968 at Akeragh Lough    
  •   Co. Cork - (juvenile) 05 to 07-09-1971 at Lissergriffin 
  •   Co. Cork - (juvenile) 15 to 17-09-1974 in a flooded field near O'Driscoll's Castle, Cape Clear Island
  •   Co. Cork - (juvenile) 27 to 30-08-2008 flew over Lough Errul and then along the track at Central Bog, Cape Clear Island
  •   Co. Mayo - (juvenile) 22-09-2009 at Annagh Head and at Termoncarragh Lake
  •   Co. Wexford - (juvenile) 06 to 14-10-2014 at Duncormick, Rathangan and The Cull
  •   Co. Clare - (adult) 15 to 18-08-2016 at Cloghaun Lough, near Kilbaha
  
Patrick J. O'Keeffe / Raw Birds
 
Reference:
  A List of Irish Birds, version 11.0 by Joe Hobbs (download pdf here)
 
Geographical distribution map of Solitary sandpiper
 
Tringa solitaria map.svg
  Breeding   Migration   winter

By Cephas - Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa solitaria), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/solsan, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=69875049