Bird, bug, butterfly and a wild variety of photos from Belarus, Cyprus, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Scotland and Spain by Irish wildlife photographer Patrick J. O'Keeffe and invited guests

Monday, 31 December 2012

PAPER WASP (European) Polistes dominula Brest District, Belarus

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MONTAGU'S HARRIER Circus pygargus Pinsk District, Belarus

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MONTAGU'S HARRIER Circus pygargus Pinsk District, Belarus

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MONTAGU'S HARRIER Circus pygargus Pinsk District, Belarus

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HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus) male, Brest District, Belarus

 
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 The House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) is of the sparrow family Passeridae which is in the genus Passer.

BRIMSTONE Gonepteryx rhamni Petrykaw District, Belarus

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EURASIAN TREE SPARROW (Passer montanus) Belarus

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The Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) is of the family Passeridae which is in the genus Passer.

EURASIAN TREE SPARROW (Passer montanus) Belarus

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The Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) is of the family Passeridae which is in the genus Passer.

WHITE WAGTAIL (Motacilla alba) Lieninski rajon, Brest, Belarus


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The White Wagtail (Motacilla alba) is a small ground nesting passerine and along with the longclaws and pipits is in the family Motacillidae which is in the genus Motacilla. This species is the commonest and most widespread wagtail that is found in Eurasia. It also breeds in parts of North Africa and there is a small Alaskan breeding population. The northern populations are migratory and winters in Southern Europe, Africa and Southern Asia. Up to 11 sub-species are recognised, including the Pied Wagtail (Motacilla alba yarrellii) which breeds in Britain, Ireland and the near-continent
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AZURE TIT Cyanistes cyanus Lelchitsy District, Belarus

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BROWN (DUNE) TIGER BEETLE Cicindela hybrida Lelchitsy District, Belarus

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Sunday, 30 December 2012

EUROPEAN TURTLE DOVE (Streptopelia turtur) Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park, Pruzhany District, Belarus


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The European Turtle Dove (Streptopelia turtur) is a migratory member of the genus Columbidae, which includes doves and pigeons. It is a  summer breeding resident in Europe (including the Canary Islands), parts of the Middle East, as well as western Asia and north Africa. It is absent as a breeding species from Iceland, Ireland (formally bred) and most of Scandinavia but does occur in spring and autumn as an uncommon/rare overshooting migrant. Over much of its northern range, there has been a very sharp decline in its population. In the autumn, it migrates south to spend the winter in southern Africa.
 
Patrick J. O'Keeffe / Raw Birds

FIELD CRICKET (EUROPEAN) Gryllus campestris

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EUROPEAN GREEN TOAD (Bifo viridis) Pinsk District, Belarus




 
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The European Green Toad (Bufotes viridis) is of the family Bufonidae which is in the genus Bufotes.

LESSER SPOTTED WOODPECKER Dendrocopos minor Brest, Belarus

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Friday, 28 December 2012

GREAT REED WARBLER Acrocephalus arundinaceus Pružany, Brest Region, Belarus

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GREAT REED WARBLER Acrocephalus arundinaceus Pružany, Brest Region, Belarus

 
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COMMA BUTTERFLY (Polygonia c-aibum) Belarus

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Click external link here to see identification guide to Irish Butterflies
 
The Comma Butterfly (Polygonia c-aibum) is of the family Nymphalidae which is in the genus Polygonia
This common species has a widespread distribution in the temperate regions of Eurasia and North Africa. Formally absent from Ireland, it is only in recent times that it has been added to the Irish Butterfly List. It was first reliably reported near Portaferry, Co. Down in August 1997 and again in August 1998. There were no further reports until 17th August 2000 when there was a fully verified record from the Raven Nature Reserve, Co. Wexford. Proof of breeding was subsequently confirmed in that area. Over the last ten years, it has rapidly expanded its range from southeast Co. Wexford and has now colonised most of southern Leinster as well as eastern Munster.
The larval food plant is mainly Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) and the flight season is from late March to late September, split over two generations. Having overwintered as an adult, it emerges in late spring and then after mating, lays its eggs on the larval food plant.
The 1st record for Cape Clear Island, Co. Cork on 14th October 2019 (pers. comm. Jim Fitzharris) might be an indication of fresh immigration from Britain or Continental Europe. 
 
Patrick J. O'Keeffe / Raw Birds

EUROPEAN TREE FROG (Hyla arborea) Pinsk District, Belarus

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The European Tree Frog (Hyla arborea) is a widespread species which occurs from Iberia eastwards to western Russia and southwards to the Balkans and Turkey. It reproduces from late March to June. when up to 1000 eggs are laid in clumps the size of a walnut. After 10–14 days, the eggs hatch into tadpoles. Then, after three months, metamorphose into frogs. They can live for up to 15 years
 Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_tree_frog

Distribution map: European Tree Frog (Hyla arborea)

EUROPEAN STARLING (Sturnus vulgaris) 1st winter, Belmullet, Co. Mayo, Ireland

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 The European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) is of the family Sturnidae which is in the genus Sturnus.

GREAT CORMORANT Phalacrocorax carbo Bray Harbour, Co.Wicklow, Ireland

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DUNNOCK (Prunella modularis) Newbridge Demense, Donabate, Fingal, Co. Dublin, Ireland

 
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The Dunnock (Prunella modularis) which was formally known as Hedge Sparrow or Hedge Accentor is of the family Prunellidae which is in the genus Prunella. The name Dunnock comes from the ancient English word dunnākos, meaning "little brown one". It occurs in the temperate regions of Europe, parts of Western Asia and as an introduced species in New Zealand. 
 
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SKYLARK (EURASIAN) Alauda arvensis Belmullet, Co. Mayo, Ireland

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BLACK LEGGED KITTIWAKE (Rissa tridactyla) Gormanston Beach, Gormanston, Co. Meath, Ireland

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The Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) is of the gull family Laridae which is in the genus Rissa. The only other member of the genus Rissa  is the Red-legged Kittiwake (Rissa brevirostris) where less than 200,000 pairs breeds on the some of the Bering Sea Islands between Russia and Alaska,USA.
 
Patrick J. O'Keeffe /Raw Birds

Thursday, 27 December 2012

EURASIAN COLLARED DOVE Streptopelia decaocto Broadmeadow Estuary, Swords, Co.Dublin, Ireland

 
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EUROPEAN SHAG Phalacrocorax aristotelis Port Oriel, Clogherhead, Co.Louth, Ireland

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EUROPEAN SHAG Phalacrocorax aristotelis Port Oriel, Clogherhead, Co.Louth, Ireland

 
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GREAT CORMORANT Phalacrocorax carbo Port Orial, Clogherhead, Co. Louth, Ireland


Tuesday, 25 December 2012

HERALD Scoliopteryx libatrix Cape Clear Island, Baltimore, Co. Cork, Ireland

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RED FLANKED BLUETAIL Tarsiger cyanurus Cape Clear Island, Baltimore, Co. Cork, Ireland

 
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RED-FLANKED BLUETAIL Tarsiger cyanurus Cape Clear Island, Baltimore, Co. Cork, Ireland

 
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LONG TAILED TIT Aegithalos caudatus Broadmeadow Estuary, Swords, Co. Dublin, Ireland

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Sunday, 23 December 2012

BLACK HEADED GULL (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) !st winter plumage, Blessington Street Basin Reservoir, Dublin City, Co. Dublin, Ireland

 
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 The Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) is of the family Laridae which is in the genus Chroicocephalus.

BLACK HEADED GULL (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) adult winter plumage, Blessington Street Basin Street Reservoir, Dublin City, Co. Dublin, Ireland

 
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 The Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) is of the family Laridae which is in the genus Chroicocephalus.

EURASIAN COOT (Fulica atra) Blessington Street Basin, Dublin, Co. Dublin, Ireland

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TUFTED DUCK Aythya fuligula Blessington Street Basin, Dublin City, Co. Dublin, Ireland

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Saturday, 22 December 2012

SAND MARTIN Riparia riparia Fingal, Co. Dublin, Ireland

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The Sand Martin (Riparia riparia) is of the swallow family Hirundinidae which is in the genus Riparia. This insectivorous species which catches flies and midges on the wing, is a summer resident in North America, Europe as well as Northern Asia.The North American populations winters in South America and western Mexico. The European and western Asian population spends the winter in Sub Saharan Africa. In the Mediterranean region, that population is mainly sedentary. Other Asian populations over winter in Southeast Asia.There are a number of subspecies recognised.

Patrick J. O' Keeffe / Raw Birds

SAND MARTIN (Riparia riparia) Fingal, Co. Dublin, Ireland

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The Sand Martin (Riparia riparia) is of the swallow family Hirundinidae which is in the genus Riparia. This insectivorous species which catches flies and midges on the wing, is a summer resident in North America, Europe as well as Northern Asia.The North American populations winters in South America and western Mexico. The European and western Asian population spends the winter in Sub Saharan Africa. In the Mediterranean region, that population is mainly sedentary. Other Asian populations over winter in Southeast Asia.There are a number of subspecies recognised.

Patrick J. O' Keeffe / Raw Birds

COMMON LINNET (Linaria cannabina) male in winter plumage, West Pier, Howth, Fingal, Co Dublin, Ireland

 
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The Linnet (Linaria cannabina) or Common Linnet is of the family Fringillidae which is in the genus Linaria.
 It derives its name from its fondness for the seeds of the flax plant which is used to make linen. This small finch occurs in Europe as well as Western Asia but is absent from northern latitudes and has a limited distribution in North West Africa and the Middle East. 

There are seven subspecies :
  • Linaria c. autochthona - occurs in Scotland     
  • L. c. cannabina - occurs in the rest of Britain, Ireland also northern Europe, eastwards to central Siberia. It is a partial migrant, wintering in north Africa and southwest Asia
  • L. c. bella - occurs in Middle East, eastwards to Mongolia and northwestern China
  • L. c. mediterranea - occurs on the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Greece, northwest Africa and on the Mediterranean islands
  • L. c. guentheri - occurs on Madeira Island
  • L. c. meadewaldoi - occurs on the Western Canary Islands (El Hierro, La Gomera, La Palma, Tenerife and Gran Canaria)
  • L. c. harterti - occurs on the Eastern Canary Islands (Lanzarote and Fuerteventura)
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_linnet

COMMON LINNET (Linaria cannabina) male in breeding plumage, Port Oriel, Clogherhead, Co. Louth, Ireland

 
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The Linnet (Linaria cannabina) or Common Linnet is of the family Fringillidae which is in the genus Linaria.
 It derives its name from its fondness for the seeds of the flax plant which is used to make linen. This small finch occurs in Europe as well as Western Asia but is absent from northern latitudes and has a limited distribution in North West Africa and the Middle East. 

There are seven subspecies :
  • Linaria c. autochthona - occurs in Scotland     
  • L. c. cannabina - occurs in the rest of Britain, Ireland also northern Europe, eastwards to central Siberia. It is a partial migrant, wintering in north Africa and southwest Asia
  • L. c. bella - occurs in Middle East, eastwards to Mongolia and northwestern China
  • L. c. mediterranea - occurs on the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Greece, northwest Africa and on the Mediterranean islands
  • L. c. guentheri - occurs on Madeira Island
  • L. c. meadewaldoi - occurs on the Western Canary Islands (El Hierro, La Gomera, La Palma, Tenerife and Gran Canaria)
  • L. c. harterti - occurs on the Eastern Canary Islands (Lanzarote and Fuerteventura)
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_linnet

BLACK REDSTART (Phoenicurus ochruros) West Pier, Howth, Fingal, Co, Dublin, Ireland


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The Black Redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros) is a small perching bird in the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae which is the genus Phoenicurus. It is a locally common resident in central and southern Europe and northern Africa. It also occurs in western and central Asia. In the warmer parts of its range it is sedentary. The northern populations migrate in the autumn to spend the winter in southern and western Europe, northern Africa and the Indian sub continent. 

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